House windows in First Century Galilee were typically narrow on the outside, opening towards the interior to allow for maximum light while keeping out undesirable visitors. They were placed relatively high in the wall for maximum ventilation and privacy. Such windows – called Egyptian Style from Jewish Halakhic sources – were built like miniature doorways, with carved interlocking blocks laid with little or no mortar,spanned by flat lintel stones.

Samir, one of the construction workers and a worker at Nazareth Village, looking through what will become a window of one of the buildings

Hand shaping the stones that will be used in the windows

As archaeological evidence for windows is scarce, we took the advice of traditional Palestinian builders, concentrating our windows on the southern and eastern walls to exploit the sun and early morning wakeup call – and to avoid the cold winter winds and driving rains which come from the northwest. It is probable that wooden shutters and coverings of fabric or skin were used to winterize the home. This question is still being researched.

The unroofed carpenter house with completed  walls

The completed walls of the weaver's house with windows in the walls awaiting roofing.