Archaeologist Ross Voss takes a break next to freshly excavated walls of an agricultural watchtower, which guarded an irrigated farm near Nazareth in the 1st Century AD. These towers – built by individual families to safeguard valuable plots of farmland – were once a common sight along the hills of ancient Galilee, Samaria, and Judea. Many contained inner rooms used for shelter, storage, and possible wine cellars. In the lower Galilee, most watchtowers appear to have been solid, used only for guarding crops and perhaps storing stones for building. Although many can still be found in Judea and Samaria, Galilean watchtowers are increasingly rare.
Ancient watchtower in the West Bank (Samaria)